Key Stage 3
Key Stage 3: Years 7 to 9 (11-14 years old)
Through a variety of creative and practical activities, pupils should be taught the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in an iterative process of designing and making. They should work in a range of domestic and local contexts for example, the home, health, leisure and culture], and industrial contexts for example, engineering, manufacturing, construction, food, energy, agriculture (including horticulture) and fashion.
When designing and making, pupils should be taught to:
- use research and exploration, such as the study of different cultures, to identify and understand user needs.
- identify and solve their own design problems and understand how to reformulate problems given to them.
- develop specifications to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that respond to needs in a variety of situations.
- use a variety of approaches [for example, biomimicry and user-centred design], to generate creative ideas and avoid stereotypical responses.
- develop and communicate design ideas using annotated sketches, detailed plans, 3-D and mathematical modelling, oral and digital presentations and computer-based tools.
- select from and use specialist tools, techniques, processes, equipment and machinery precisely, including computer-aided manufacture.
- select from and use a wider, more complex range of materials, components and ingredients, taking into account their properties.
- analyse the work of past and present professionals and others to develop and broaden their understanding.
- investigate new and emerging technologies.
- test, evaluate and refine their ideas and products against a specification, taking into account the views of intended users and other interested groups.
- understand developments in design and technology, its impact on individuals, society and the environment, and the responsibilities of designers, engineers and technologists.